G. Edward Evans, Sheila S. Intner, and Jean Weihls, Introduction to Technical Services–Choice 2006

Evans, G. Edward, Sheila S. Intner, and Jean Weihs. Introduction to Technical Services [DRAFT]

284. Evans, G. Edward, Sheila S. Intner, and Jean Weihs. Introduction to Technical Services. 7th ed. Greenwood Village, Colo., Libraries Unlimited/Greenwood Publishing Group, 2002. 543 p. index. (Library and Information Science Text Series). $65.00. ISBN 1-56308-918-1; 1-56308-922-X (paper).

This seventh edition updates the sixth, published in 1994. The book is divided into three parts: general background, acquisitions and serials, and cataloging and processing. The illustrations, plentiful in places, include pie charts, copies of title pages, and illustrations that show how different databases display the MARC record. There is no bibliography at the end of the book. Instead, there are end notes after each chapter, along with a chapter summary, a list of suggested readings and review questions. Sometimes, the suggested readings are divided into sections, or another section is added. Chapter 5 (Acquisitions—Overview) has suggested readings grouped into general, public and academic sections while Chapter 8 (Order Processes) has no division in the suggested readings list, but adds a section on web sites and listservs of pertinent interest to those in acquisitions and serials.

An evaluation of the suggested readings lists are revealing. Michael Gorman’s Technical Services: Today and Tomorrow (1999) is cited in the first chapter. Coming from a cataloging background, I looked for the standard books used in library schools. Arlene Taylor’s The Organization of Information (1999) is listed although Lois Mai Chan’s Cataloging and Classification is missing, although two of her recent works are listed at the end of Chapter 20 (Classification). The vast majority of books and articles cited were published in the last five years, and indication that the authors are current in their professional readings.

The original edition of this book sought to create a reference work for para-professionals working in libraries. This edition goes far beyond the scope of para-professional work. True, chapters do deal with the everyday jobs done in technical services, including those that are not so attractive. Nonetheless, there are chapters that deal with electronic serials, allocation of monies, book dealers, pricing, using vendors, principles of subject cataloging—things that librarians and administrators, at one time or another, have to address.

There is also a more international focus, thanks to the addition of author Jean Weihs, a Canadian librarian. A previous edition was criticized for being too detail-oriented and bogged down with the day-to-day activities of technical services; not enough theory was presented. One must learn to crawl before one can walk, and this includes librarians. The basic processes of technical services must be understood before changes can be made. Most people entering library schools have never worked in libraries and need a textbook that introduces them to the functions, processes, and philosophy of technical services work. The authors are sure to point out that, even though technical services is traditionally a “back room” operation, that operation serves the public; everything done in technical services is to aid the user in finding and retrieving materials.

An excellent introduction to technical services processes for students and those new to the profession.—Michael W. Handis, Associate Librarian for Technical Services and Collection Management, Mina Rees Library, City University of New York Graduate and University Center


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Library Guide: Gender Studies–Purchase College (April, 2002)

Gender Studies

This guide lists sources of information on gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgendered resources. (For Women’s Studies, please consult the Women’s Studies library guide.Listed are print and online resources. Any questions or comments about this handout should be directed to the Reference Desk.

Reference Works
Conner, Randy P. Cassell’s Encyclopedia of Queer Myth, Symbol, and Spirit: Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Transgender Lore. Ref. BL795.H6 C65 1997 [Subject headings: Homosexuality–Mythology—Encyclopedias; Homosexuality–Religious aspects—Encyclopedias; Homosexuality in art—Encyclopedias; Lesbianism–Mythology—Encyclopedias; Lesbianism–Religious aspects—Encyclopedias; Lesbianism in art—Encyclopedias; Bisexuality–Mythology—Dictionaries; Bisexuality–Religious aspects—Dictionaries; Bisexuality in art–Encyclopedias]

Encyclopedia of Homosexuality. Edited by Wayne Dynes. 2 vols. Ref. HQ76.25 .E53 1990 [Subject heading: Homosexuality–Encyclopedias]

Gay & Lesbian Biography. Edited by Michael J. Tyrkus. Ref. HQ75.2 .G39 1996 [Subject heading: Gays–Biography–Dictionaries]

Gay Histories and Cultures: an Encyclopedia. Edited by George E. Haggerty. Ref. HQ75.13 .G37 2000 [Subject headings: Gay men—Encyclopedias; Homosexuality, Male—Encyclopedias]

Herbst, Philip H. Wimmin, Wimps & Wallflowers : an Encyclopaedic Dictionary of Gender and Sexual Orientation Bias in the United States. Ref. HQ76.45.U5 H47 2001 [Subject headings: Heterosexism–United States—Dictionaries; Sexism–United States—Dictionaries]

Hogan, Steve. Completely Queer: the Gay and Lesbian Encyclopedia. Ref. HQ75 .H63 1998 [Subject headings: Gays—Encyclopedias; Gay men—Encyclopedias; Lesbians–Encyclopedias]

International Directory of Gay and Lesbian Periodicals. Compiled by H. Robert Malinowsky. Ref. HQ76.25 .M35 1987 [Subject heading: Homosexuality–Periodicals–Directories]

Though dated, this directory has not been republished and is currently out of print. The directory lists journals alphabetically, by subject and finally by publisher/editor. A short description of the journal is usually given. The entries also include frequency, publisher and subject terms.

Kranz, Rachel, and Tim Cusick. Gay Rights. Ref. HQ76.8.U5 K73 2000 [Subject heading: Gay rights–United States]

Gives an overview of the topic, chronology, glossary, biographies and an annotated bibliography for additional sources of information.

Putting Out: The Essential Publishing Resource for Gay and Lesbian Writers. Edited by Edisol W. Dotson. 4th ed. Ref. Z475 .P88 1997 [Subject headings: Publishers and publishing–United States—Directories; Gays’ writings, American–Publishing—Directories; Lesbians’ writings, American–Publishing—Directories; Gay theater–United States—Directories; Lesbian theater–United States—Directories; Erotic literature–Publishing—Directories; Literary agents–United States–Directories]

Though a bit dated, this is still a good resource on lesbian and gay publishers.

 Reader’s Guide to Lesbian and Gay Studies. Edited by Timothy F. Murphy. Ref. HQ75.15 .R43 2000 [Subject headings: Gay and lesbian studies–Handbooks, manuals, etc.; Gay and lesbian studies–Bibliography]

Not an encyclopedia, the Reader’s Guide offers an introduction to topics of interest and then surveys the secondary literature published in English about it. The secondary sources discussed are listed at the beginning of each entry.

 Lesbian Histories and Cultures: an Encyclopedia. Edited by Bonnie Zimmerman. Ref. HQ75.5 .L4395 2000 [Subject headings: Lesbianism—Encyclopedias; Lesbians–Encyclopedias]

St. James Press Gay & Lesbian Almanac. Edited by Neil Schlager. Ref. HQ76.3.U5 S75 1998 [Subject headings: Homosexuality, Male–United States—History; Lesbianism–United States—History; Gay men–United States—Biography; Lesbians–United States—Biography; Gay men–United States—History; Lesbians–United States–History]

Provides a multifaceted overview of lesbian and gay history, culture and communities in the United States. Each chapter has an extensive bibliography of articles, books and Internet resources; there is also a general bibliography at the end.

Stewart, Chuck. Homosexuality and the Law: a Dictionary. Ref. KF4754.5.A68 S74 2001 [Subject headings: Gays–Legal status, laws, etc.–United States—Dictionaries; Homosexuality–Law and legislation–United States–Dictionaries]

Strength in Numbers: a Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Resource. Edited by Christa Brelin. Ref. HQ76.3.U5 S77 1996 [Subject headings: Homosexuality–United States–Societies, etc.—Directories; Gays–Services for–United States—Directories]

Lists organizations with descriptions of each, their addresses, phone numbers and home pages.

A word about Subject Headings
Subject headings are terms strung together to create a heading that brings titles of works on subjects together. Subject headings can greatly speed up your research if you know what terms to use. The Purchase College Library, like most U.S. libraries, uses subject headings established by the Library of Congress. Subject headings terms can be found in the Library of Congress Subject Headings books kept on the Reference Carrels near the computers.

Subject headings are assigned when materials are cataloged to bring under one number or stack area things that are on the same subject. Gays is used as a subject heading to cover gay men and lesbians. Lesbians is used for females and Gay men for males. Use Bisexuality and Bisexuals for bisexuals and Transsexualism and Transsexuals for transgendered individuals. Homosexuality and Sexual orientation are also valid subject headings. These subject headings can be subdivided by country or U.S. state.

Mastering the use of Library of Congress subject headings can be tricky, but once you get used to using them, they can help you get your research done faster and more efficiently.

Hint: when finding items in the online catalog, look at the subject headings assigned to it. This is a fast way to find other subject headings to use in searching.

Journals can be found either online or in print—and sometimes in both places. Search a journal title in the library’s online catalog and also check the Online Journals link on the library’s home page (http://www.purchase.edu/library/). Please see the Finding Journal Articles handout for detailed information on how to search for journal articles.

The Advocate (Current Periodicals Room and Microtext; available online—check Online Journals for link).

The national news periodical that comes out monthly which covers local, national and international news, theater, entertainment, book reviews, editorials, interviews and travel.

Christopher Street (HQ75 .C48)

CS was an international gay and lesbian literary magazine that contained nonfiction articles and fiction. In addition, it contained humor, cartoons, book reviews and entertainment. CS ceased publication in 1995.

 The Gay & Lesbian Review (available online—check Online Journals for link).

GLR covers national and international news, interviews, opinions, law, politics and culture.

 Journal of Homosexuality. (HQ75 .J68)—available in part online (check Online Journals for link).

A scholarly journal of international focus, JH focuses each issue on a specific topic, such as law, history, bisexuality or homophobia.

GLQ: a Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies (available online—check Online Journals for link).

Another scholarly journal with an international focus, GLQ covers the entire spectrum of queer studies.

Online Databases and Internet Resources
The Library’s Online Catalog: http://purchase.edu/services/instrfac/library/catalog.htm

The catalog contains the holdings of the library. Books, journals, microfilm, microfiche, videos, CDs, DVDs, online books and journals are listed here. Most researchers start with the library catalog.

GenderWatch: http://www.softlineweb.com/softlineweb/genderw.htm

Full-text online database of women’s and gender studies resources. Publications include academic and scholarly journals, magazines, newspapers, newsletters, regional publications, books, conference proceedings and government reports.

Humanities Index: http://newfirstsearch.oclc.org/dbname=humanitiesindex;FSIP

Covers archaeology, philosophy, art, journalism, religion, classics, linguistics, film, music world history, folklore, performing arts and world literature as well as other subjects in the humanities.

Social Sciences Index: http://newfirstsearch.oclc.org/dbname=socialsciindex;FSIP

Covers anthropology, political science, economics, psychology, geography, sociology and law as well as other subjects in the social sciences.

The Pat Parker/Vito Russo Center Library (New York City): http://www.gaycenter.org/library/

The library of the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgendered Center (208 West 13th Street, New York 10011, 212-620-7310). Search the library’s online catalog that uses Library of Congress subject headings. The Center Library has over 9,000 circulating titles. Check the web site for hours and terms of use.


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Library Guide: Using Keywords: Time-Saving Tips for Databases and Search Engines–Purchase College (April, 2001)

Using Keywords: Time-Saving Tips for Databases and Search Engines

What is a keyword?
A keyword is any searchable term in a database record. Depending on the database, keywords can come from the title, author, subject, or (in some cases) anywhere in the record. Choice of keywords can limit or expand your search results.

How do I choose a keyword?
Choosing a keyword is up to you, but keep in mind that a keyword should be a central concept term that will focus in on your topic while giving you a workable number of records. Remember: vary your keyword terms. Do several searches using different keyword terms in combination. Singular and plural terms and synonyms may retrieve different numbers of records.


Boolean operators.
Boolean operators are words that link your keyword terms and can expand or limit your searches. The most common Boolean operators are:

AND (the default operator in most databases): Use AND to limit your search results to only those records containing these specific keywords. For example:

women AND Greece” will bring up only records containing both terms.

OR: Use OR to expand your search results. For example:

women OR Greece” will bring up all records containing “women” and all the records containing the term “Greece”—whether or not the terms are related. OR is especially useful for synonyms such as college OR higher education OR academia.”

NOT: Use NOT to limit your search results. For example:

women AND Greece NOT Athens” will bring up records containing “women” and “Greece” but excludes records that contain “Athens.”

Truncation signs.
Truncation signs (sometimes called “wildcards”) function like Boolean operators, only they expand your searches. Truncation allows you to use shorter terms. Two of the most popular truncation signs are:

*: The asterisk allows you to expand on a shortened term. For example:

wom*” will bring up all the records that contain words starting with “wom:” Womack [an author’s name], woman, womanhood, womanizer, womankind, womanly, womb, wombat, women, and womenfolk.

?: The question mark replaces the letter in a keyword to expand it’s meaning. For example:

wom?n” will bring up all records with the words: woman, womanly, womankind, and women.

Because truncation signs vary from database to database, you must read the help screens to tell which signs can be used in searching.

Combining keywords.
All databases allow you to combine Boolean operators and some allow you to combine Boolean operators and truncation signs. Coupled with some good keywords, you can construct an excellent search strategy. For example, if your topic is “women in rural Greece during the Roman Empire”:

First search: peasants AND women AND Greece”

Second search: farmers AND (girls OR women) AND (Greece NOT Athens)”

Third search: farmers AND wom?n AND Greece”

 … And, once you really understand searching:

Fourth search: peasant* OR farm* AND wom?n AND Gree* NOT Athen*”

A word about punctuation.
Depending on the database, you may not be able to use any punctuation marks when searching. Remember that some punctuation marks are used as truncation signs. Separating an inverted author’s name (i.e. last name, first name) by a comma may not be allowed.

If you need help, our reference staff and faculty are here to assist you. Visit the Reference desk or call 251-6410

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Digital Egypt for Universities–Choice (March, 2007)

Digital Egypt for Universities [DRAFT]

000000556387                                                                                    [Internet Resource]

Digital Egypt for universities. URL: http://www.digitalegypt.ucl.ac.uk/Welcome.html

Created by the University College London at the Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis for the Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology with funds from the Joint Information Systems Committee. Stephen Quirke, a reader and curator of the Petrie Museum, manages the site. According to the learning resources page, “The primary aim of the website is support for learning across different disciplines—including learners and teachers who may know nothing about, or even be interested in, Egypt. The site is aimed at you especially if your subject includes a historical dimension—architecture, art, medicine, science, religion, literature, gender studies, cultural studies, museum studies.” The site is divided into eight parts: archaeological record; art and architecture; communication technologies; ideology and beliefs; technology and industry; contacts between peoples; social history; the exact sciences. At the top of every page is a navigational bar to take the user to the homepage, timeline, maps, A-Z index or learning. The chronology page has extensive links to the different time periods. There are more maps throughout the site than are listed on the maps page. Introductory guides for the different time periods are there for the novice. Pages load quickly. There is no searching capability on the site. Full-color plans and maps of temples, cities, palaces and artifacts—all of which discuss the archaeological record—are easily accessible. In some cases, nothing remains at the site but the web creators decided to recreate via computer technology images to give users some idea as to the possible shape and size of the buildings. These three-dimensional models/reconstructions require a VRML plug-in. A link to free VRML-readable software, Cosmo Player, is listed, on the VRML site (http://www.digitalegypt.ucl.ac.uk//3d/instruction.html), but links to a site where Computer Associates states that they no longer support Cosmo Player. The Petrie Museum eventually hopes to be able to translate the site into Spanish and Arabic. Highly recommended for all levels.


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Historic Events of the 20th Century–ARBA 2005

Historic Events of the 20th Century [DRAFT]

Historic Events of the 20th Century (available from http://www.gem.greenwood.com) Greenwood Electronic Media. Pricing dependent on institution size and type of institution, $675-$1845.

The database is divided into six sections: Civil Rights Movement, Collapse of Communism in the Soviet Union, the Holocaust, Islamic Fundamentalism, World War I and World War II. Subscriptions for one or all of the sections are available.

There is no way to search the entire Historic Events site, only individual sections. Each section opens with a preface, a narrative overview, a timeline of events (chronology) as well as topic links that, when clicked upon, displays additional links to documents on the topic, and an annotated bibliography. Information can be printed; a hotlink reformats documents for printing. The documents links appears on the left bar after clicking the topic. Documents for each topic are under ten and could be assembled from free websites, since most are famous documents or, in the case of civil rights and Islam, from contemporary sources. Getting out of the modules proved difficult, and I got lost on a few occasions. The Home link at the top of the page takes you to the Greenwood homepage not the Historic Events main page.

The timeline hotlinks open small browser windows with, what I assume, is supposed to be supplemental information. Hotlink results are uneven, at least in the timeline. In the civil rights section, the hotlink conviction of the murderer of Medgar Evers in 1994, takes one to the NewsDesk website of the University of Mississippi, where there was no additional information provided. The 1995 Supreme Court decision in Adarand Constructors v. Pena link takes you to the summary of the case at the FindLaw website, a database in the public domain. The 1992 Los Angeles Riots link opens a browser to the free NPR website for the 30th anniversary of All Things Considered, where a quote from a riot eyewitness is quoted with a link to hear the broadcast. Images for many of the links, such as (in the communism section) the 1921-1928 link for the Soviet Union’s New Economic Policy, Nicholas II and (in the Holocaust section) Paul von Hindenburg, opens a browser to LearnThings, a website for school newsletters in the United Kingdom that houses a small image of the event or person; no other additional information is provided. The timeline for Islamic fundamentalism lacks hotlinks of any kind.

Besides the Old Miss, FindLaw and NPR websites, many other links go to public websites as well. Lenin’s biography link takes you to the Lenin Internet Archive (http://www.marxists.org/archive/lenin/) while Brezhnev’s link takes you to CNN’s Knowledge Bank profile (http://www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/cold.war/kbank/profiles/brezhnev/). Many of the maps link directly to the CIA World Factbook website (http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/). The link for Nagorno-Karabakh brings up the website of the International Peace Research Institute in Oslo (http://www.prio.no/html/fig-p170.htm), which has free articles in pdf files on troubled places throughout the world.

The lesson plans for each section correlate to the National Center for History in the Schools, and there are quotes from the National History Standards. The standards are available online (http://www.sscnet.ucla.edu/nchs/standards/) from UCLA. The lesson plans tie directly into the information housed in Historic Events. Greenwood’s information page lists prices not only for school libraries but also for public libraries as well as colleges and universities. Historic Events is geared towards school teachers.

Internet browsers can yield a plethora of reliable information. A Google advanced search on the phrase “Nicholas II” and the terms “Russian Revolution” with the restriction to educational institutions (.edu) yielded as the first hit the Internet Modern History Sourcebook (http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/modsbook39.html) from Fordham University. A Yahoo advanced search using the same search terms yielded Bucknell University’s Russian History site (http://www.departments.bucknell.edu/russian/history.html) as the third hit. These sites contain links to dynasty charts, original documents, chronologies and other goodies that can easily be used in teaching. Some of these links don’t work, but these sites aren’t paid databases, either.

Greenwood repackaged information readily available for free to anyone with Internet browsing capabilities. This is a perfect example of why teaching students and teachers searching strategies for the Internet are so important. This site is for the research-challenged. A good librarian or subject guide would be just as good if not better. Better yet, a resourceful and dedicated teacher—doing the research—can take the opportunity to teach Internet research and evaluation skills while teaching these subjects; it’s never too early to begin learning to evaluate information.

The University of California Riverside’s Infomine (http://infomine.ucr.edu) and the Best of History Web Sites (http://www.besthistorysites.net/index.shtml) are two more examples of free databases that will yield comparable results to Greenwood’s offering.

REVIEWED BY: Michael W. Handis

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Dictionary of Historic Documents–ARBA 2004

Dictionary of Historic Documents [DRAFT]

26732. Dictionary of Historic Documents. Rev. ed. George Childs Kohn, ed. New York, Facts on File, 2003. 646 p. index. (Facts on File Library of World History). $75.00. ISBN 0-8160-4772-3.

This first edition of this work was published in 1991. Having been expanded, this new edition contains nearly 2,400 entries that consist of edicts, legal cases, laws, treaties, proclamations, statements, truces, petitions, concordants, bulls, oaths, etc. Gaps in the first edition have been filled; the new entries range from women’s rights documents to Hitler’s last will and testament. Many of the new entries date from 1990-2000, including the German Unification Treaty, the Unabomber Manifesto, the NAFTA agreement, Bush vs. Gore and the USA-Patriot Act. Editor Kohn admits that any such work is subjective; however, the breadth of the dictionary is remarkable, stretching from the present back to ancient Mesopotamia.

The dictionary contains a helpful Timetable of Documents, which not only lists the year and name of the document, but also the area of the world involved. There is an alphabetical Entries by Category section which breaks up the documents by continent, empire and selected countries, such as Canada, Mexico and the United States. The selected bibliography is again broken up by categories.

Each entry is followed by a bibliography of at least one source. Many entries have books or articles listed, but in some cases the only source listed is a web site. In the preface Kohn warns that “readers should be aware that addresses of websites change frequently; those listed in the dictionary were current as of press time” (p. ix). Readers beware. I tested several of the URLs listed. Martin Luther’s Address to the Christian Nobility of the German Nation is on the Hanover Historical Text Project’s web site. Maintained by the Hanover College Department of History, the URL is active and contains the English translation of the document. (There are a number of other historical documents listed on the Hanover site.) Many of the legal documents, such as Gillette v. United States, have FindLaw URLs, which are stable. The link provided for the Addyston Pipe and Steel Company v. United States is dead; I could not find the sponsoring agency or group from the URL. For Clinton’s Second Inaugural Address, the URL for the transcript at the University of Oklahoma Law Center is active; the PBS News Hour web site URL for the reactions to the speech is not. Too bad about Grant’s Order No. 11, the edict Ulysses S. Grant issued to exclude Jews as a class from the Department of Tennessee which set off a storm of protest during the U.S. Civil War; the link was dead, and there was no way I could identify the agency. The Grolier Presents the American Presidency link for Grant’s First Inaugural Address was also dead. A more cautious approach to including URLs in bibliographies might be practiced in the future.

The dictionary is a great starting place for undergraduate research. It also provides excellent examples of what primary sources are, a concept many undergraduates have problems understanding. People interested in historical documents will also find this a useful resource.—Michael W. Handis, Associate Librarian for Technical Services and Collection Management, Mina Rees Library, City University of New York Graduate and University Center

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Darrell D. Baker, Encyclopedia of Egyptian Pharaohs: v.1: Predynastic through Twentieth Dynasty (3300-1069 BC)–Choice (September, 2009)

Baker, Darrell D. The encyclopedia of Egyptian pharaohs: v.1: Predynastic through twentieth dynasty (3300-1069 BC) [DRAFT]

000000577528                                                                                DT58                                                                                         MARC

Baker, Darrell D. The encyclopedia of Egyptian pharaohs: v.1: Predynastic through twentieth dynasty (3300-1069 BC) Bannerstone Press, 2009 (c2008). 587p bibl index ISBN 9780977409440, $60.00

There is a lot of information in this volume. Each entry lists the various names (and cartouches) of the kings (Horus, nomen, Two Ladies, Golden Falcon) as well as the length of reign, tomb location (if known), mummy (if known), consorts, the king’s name as it appeared on Manetho’s list, and any variant names. There is a bibliography at the end of each entry as well as an extensive one at the end of the book. This is the only volume that gathers the scattered information on each king and in one case clears up a misconception that even confuses some experts. Both Smenkhkare and Neferneferuaten, co-rulers with Akhenaton, used the prenomen Ankhkheperure. This led to the merging of Smenkhkare and Neferneferuaten’s reigns, listing Smenkhkare as ruling after Akhenaton. Most scholars now believe that Smenkhkare died before Akhenaton and that Nefertiti, who had mysteriously disappeared from the historical record, took the name Neferneferuaten and started her reign before Akhenaton’s death. As Neferneferuaten, Nefertiti co-ruled into the first few years of Tutankhamen’s reign. Baker chooses to end the first volume with Dynasty XX because after it the historical record becomes jumbled, foreigners ruled Egypt and the complex period needs to be treated separately. Highly recommended.

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Ancient Greece (3 v.)–Choice (May, 2007)

Ancient Greece: v.1: Achaean League-Dorian invasion of Greece [DRAFT]
44-4799                                                                                DF214                                                                                           2006-16525 CIP

Ancient Greece: v.1: Achaean League-Dorian invasion of Greece, 1-338; v.2: Draco-Posidonius, 339-684; v.3: Praxiteles-Zeuxis of Heraclea; Appendixes; Indexes, 685-1031, ed. by Thomas J. Sienkewicz.  Salem Press, 2007.  3v bibl indexes afp ISBN 1-58765-281-1, $207.00; ISBN 9781587652813, $207.00.

According to the publisher’s note, “By design, Magill’s Choice reference sets compile and update previously published material from Salem Press.” The set brings together 29 new essays and 315 essays from: Great Events from History: the Ancient World, Prehistory-476 C.E. (2004), Great Lives from History: the Ancient World, Prehistory-476 C.E. (2004), Cyclopedia of World Authors (4th rev. ed., 2004), Encyclopedia of the Ancient World (2002), Weapons and Warfare (2002), and Magill’s Guide to Military History (2001). Each entry’s bibliography has been updated. A complete list of contents is reprinted in all volumes as well as three maps of Greece and the Near East. Entries provide phonetic pronunciations for Greek words. Biographical entries are broken into dates, category of activity, life and influence with see also references to other entries in the set. The homoeroticism of Sappho’s poetry is discussed, but overall the topics of gender and sexuality are underrepresented. There are no index terms for homosexuality, lesbianism or sex. Women’s contributions are discussed in the “Women’s Lives” entry. The third volume contains: a glossary of terms; list of historic sites with URLs; literary works by author; time line; a bibliography of secondary sources; and indices by category, name and subject. For general through undergraduate. Summing Up: Recommended. Lower-level undergraduates and general readers. — M. W. Handis, The Graduate Center, City University of New York

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Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece–Choice (April, 2006)

Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece [DRAFT]

551713                                                            DF16                                                   2005-4434

Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece, ed. By Nigel Wilson. Routledge, 2006. 800p bibl index afp ISBN 0415973341, $150.00

Based on The Encyclopedia of Greece and the Hellenic Tradition, edited by Graham Speake (reviewed in CHOICE jun 2001), which sought to cover the history of Greece from ancient times up to the present, “This new version results from the realization that there is also a place for a shorter work covering the same wide range of themes but concentrating on the ancient or classical world.” It seeks not only to focus on the traditional “classical” Greek period (Homer through Alexander the Great) but also through the fourth century A.D. The work contains lists of alphabetical entries, thematic entries and a chronology of individuals as well as an extensive index. Greek name forms that entered English from Latin have been retained with some exceptions, and 565 A.D. (Justinian I’s death) marks the direct transliteration from Greek into English. There are no illustrations or maps. Each entry has its own bibliography. For persons, a brief biography is given at the end of the entry followed by the bibliography and, in the case of authors, a list of writings. Entries from the original Speakes edition have been reprinted; in some cases, entries have been abbreviated and names changed, e.g. Corcyra for Corfu. Greek deities do not have their own entries; information on them can be found under “Gods and Goddesses” and “Religious History,” although the easiest way to find information would be to use the index. Only two women have their own entries, Cleopatra VII and Sappho. The list of contributors and advisors is impressive, with many well-known researchers in the field. For public and academic libraries.—Michael W. Handis, The Graduate Center, City University of New York.

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Anne M. Mitchell and Brian E. Surratt, Cataloging and Organizing Digital Resources: a How-To-Do-It Manual for Librarians–ARBA 2006

Cataloging and Organizing Digital Resources: a How-To-Do-It Manual for Librarians [DRAFT]

Mitchell, Anne M., and Brian E. Surratt. Cataloging and Organizing Digital Resources: a How-To-Do-It Manual for Librarians. New York, Neal-Schuman, 2005. 219p. index. (How-To-Do-It Manuals for Librarians, no.139). $75.00pa. ISBN 1-55570-521-9.

This book is not about how to select and digitize materials. The title does what it states: it gives ideas on how to organize and make accessible digital (and already digitized) resources. And it does it well.

No book of this type could be written without a discussion of the MARC record for continuing resources. Mitchell and Surratt go into great detail to illustrate the different MARC coding in the fixed and variable fields for different types of digital resources: databases, ebooks and online manuscripts, online journals, items “born digital,” i.e. those published only on the Web, items in print which are digitized, and theses. Ironically, print theses are considered unpublished; MARC records for printed theses do not have publisher information recorded. In the electronic environment, however, theses available full-text online are considered published. (The publisher information is recorded in brackets.)

At no time do the authors talk down or take a patronizing tone. They inform and do so with aplomb. Numerous examples of MARC tagging, MARC field definitions and homepages abound. They analyze what affects bibliographic control of digital resources. Numerous examples of different types of information and how to catalog such information is presented in readable (and digestable) form.

My favorite chapter (3) is “Exploring Alternatives to Cataloging.” Why catalog digital resources? Good question. There are other alternatives to entering a full MARC record into a library’s ILS. Constructing full MARC records is time-consuming, as any cataloger knows. Metadata creation is no different. Web lists are an alternative and can be much more visible and flexible. There are also companies, such as Serials Solutions, which provide an indexing and updating service for online materials on a regular basis. The drawback, of course, is that the resources are not available via subject or keyword searching, nor are they in the “one stop” ILS. Federated searching offers another way to find the resources, but some databases are not accessible to these search engines, and duplication can occur in some cases. Any choice of access offers benefits and drawbacks. The important point, the authors argue, is for libraries to adopt a bibliographic strategy with regard to the online resources available through the Web.

Each chapter has a bibliography at the end of it for more information. There is also a good index at the back of the book. The book is well-organized with good illustrations. Unfortunately, books of this type have a short shelf-life. In 2008, a new cataloging standard will be released. As of this writing, the plan is to abandon AACR for something more flexible and adaptable to multiple technological environments. Whether this comes to pass remains to be seen.

Regardless, Cataloging and Organizing Digital Resources is a valuable resource for librarians unfamiliar with the online environment and libraries just beginning to grapple with the problems of making online collections accessible.

REVIEWED BY: Michael W. Handis, Associate Librarian for Collection Management, The Graduate Center, City University of New York.

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